Mindfulness and Meditation

Mindfulness and Meditation

Mindfulness and meditation, So, what is the difference between meditation and mindfulness? People might be confused with all those terms and might think oh God where do I start? So for them, Meditation and mindfulness are inter connected. One thing we have to remember is mindfulness is usually a precondition of meditation. To do meditation you have to have mindful of silence. This is just another name for meditation but the goal is the same. It’s like if you want to go to Springfield, IL, from Chicago, you have five different ways to get there.

Mindfulness meditation involves the process of developing the skill of bringing one’s attention to whatever is happening in the present moment. There are several meditation exercises designed to develop mindfulness. One method is to sit on a straight-backed chair or sit cross-legged on the floor or a cushion, close one’s eyes and bring attention to either the sensations of breathing in the proximity of one’s nostrils or to the movements of the abdomen when breathing in and out.

Mindfulness and balance
Mindfulness and Meditation

Mindfulness Practice

In this meditation practice, one does not try to control one’s breathing, but attempts to simply be aware of one’s natural breathing process/rhythm. When engaged in this practice, the mind will often run off to other thoughts and associations, and if this happens, one passively notices that the mind has wandered, and in an accepting, non-judgmental way, returns to focusing on breathing.

Other meditation exercises to develop mindfulness include body-scan meditation where attention is directed at various areas of the body and noting body sensations that happen in the present moment. Engaging in yoga practices, while attending to movements and body sensations, as well as walking meditation are other methods of developing mindfulness (Kabat-Zinn, J (2013). Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness. New York: Bantam Dell).


A.M. Haynes and G. Feldman have highlighted that mindfulness can be seen as a strategy that stands in contrast to a strategy of avoidance of emotion on the one hand and to the strategy of emotional over engagement on the other hand (Adele M. Hayes; Greg Feldman (2004). “Clarifying the construct of mindfulness in the context of emotion regulation and the process of change in therapy”. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice). Mindfulness can also be viewed as a means to develop self-knowledge and wisdom.

Trait, State and Practice

According to Brown, Ryan, and Creswell, definitions of mindfulness are typically selectively interpreted based on who is studying it and how it is applied. Some have viewed mindfulness as a mental state, while others have viewed it as a set of skills and techniques.(Brown, K. W.; Ryan, R. M.; Creswell, J. D. (2007). “Mindfulness: Theoretical foundations and evidence for its salutary effects”. Psychological Inquiry. 18 (4): 211–237).


Mindfulness is nothing but to focus on the present moment by sitting quietly in a quiet place. This allows the mind to refocus on the present moment. All mindfulness techniques are a form of meditation. Basic mindfulness meditation – Sit quietly and focus on your natural breathing or on a particular body part and be present in there.

When we practice mindfulness, our thoughts tune into what we’re sensing in the present moment rather than rehashing the past or imagining the future.

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